In short, by charging above or below the market price, companies can use transfer pricing to transfer profits and costs internally to other departments in order to reduce their tax burden. Tax authorities have strict transfer pricing rules to prevent companies from using them for tax evasion purposes. Transfer pricing rules ensure fairness and accuracy of transfer pricing between related companies. The rules impose the rule on arms length transactions, which states that companies must set prices on the basis of similar transactions between independent parties. It is closely monitored in a company`s financial reports. Perhaps the best reason to reach an agreement is that the credit rating agency and other tax authorities regularly seek agreements on audit issues. While tax authorities will often find that agreements with close relatives are not credible because of the control relationship between the contracting parties, a dated and signed agreement often has the effect of reassuring the auditor about the exercise of the claim in a timely manner, showing a clear will on the part of the company and , in general, to indicate good recordings and registration procedures. But what if the amount of the sale of a piano is lower? In this case, the results are as follows: although it is less likely, pricing policy may also lead multinationals to report too many taxes in high-tax countries and too little in low-tax countries. As with any agreement that governs a complex transaction, an inter-partnered agreement should be developed or reviewed by a lawyer. While intercompany agreements do not replace the detailed information contained in transfer pricing documentation and are not mandatory in many cases, they are another instrument that companies should use to manage transfer pricing aspects of international transactions with related companies. An inter-partnered agreement defines the form of a transaction and the obligations of the parties. Support for a future argument against the re-characterization of transactions by a tax authority is often found in an intercompany agreement. The starting point of the agreement is the result of an analysis of the comparability of transactions.
A well-developed agreement contains clauses that reflect the list of comparability factors in most national tax laws and administrative guidelines. Suppose Division A decides to charge a lower price than Division B instead of using the market price. As a result, Division A sales or sales are lower due to lower prices. On the other hand, the cost of Division B for goods sold (COGS) is lower, which increases the division`s profits. In short, Division A`s revenues are less than the savings of Division B – so there is no financial impact on the entire business. Because countries impose different corporate tax rates, a company that aims to minimize the total taxes payable will set transfer prices to allocate more global profits to countries with lower taxes. Many countries try to impose sanctions on companies when they feel they are tax-free on taxable profits. However, because the participating countries are sovereign companies, it is difficult to obtain data and take useful measures to limit tax evasion.  A publication by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) states that “transfer pricing is important to both taxpayers and tax administrations, as they largely determine revenues and expenditures and hence the taxable profits of associated companies in different tax areas.”  Transfer pricing requires rigorous documentation, which is included in the footnotes of financial statements for verification by additional controllers, supervisory authorities and investors.